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제목 [11/15] [colloquium] Ultrafast Carrier Dynamics in Graphene and Graphene Nanostructures
작성자 물리학과홈피 등록일 2016-11-09 오후 6:03:49 조회수 92
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날짜 : 11월 15일
 
시간 : 오후 4시 30분
 
장소 : R404
 
연사 : Mischa Bonn (Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research)
 
제목 : Ultrafast Carrier Dynamics in Graphene and Graphene Nanostructures
 
내용: 
Graphene is an attractive candidate for many optoelectronic applications because of its vanishing bandgap and high carrier mobility. An essential process for such applications is the dissipation of the energy of photo-excited charge carriers in graphene. Two competing energy relaxation mechanisms for optically excited carriers exist [1]: They can (i) thermalize with intrinsic carriers near the Fermi level, heating them to higher energy states through the process of ‘hot carrier multiplication’; or (ii) the excess energy of the optically excited carrier can be lost via emission of phonons. With optical excitation-THz probe spectroscopy, an optical method for probing photoconductivities on ultrafast timescales, we reveal highly efficient energy transfer from an optically excited carrier to multiple heated charge carriers (relaxation path (i)) . Carrier heating is also highly efficient when intrinsic carriers are accelerated by a strong electric field [2]. We further show how the branching ratio between (i) and (ii) can be tuned externally [3].

While presenting an advantage for some applications, the vanishing bandgap of graphene can also be a disadvantage in applications such as photovoltaics. A chemical synthesis approach was recently shown for making well defined, narrow graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with widths as small as ~1 nm.[4] In these structures, carrier confinement in he lateral dimension induces a bandgap corresponding to visible wavelengths. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are similar one-dimensional graphene nanostructures with potential bandgap. The complex photoconductivity of semiconducting GNRs and CNTs reveals that, while the mechanism of photoconductivity is very similar in the two nanostructures, the charge mobility is quite different [5].





[1] K. J. Tielrooij, et al. Photoexcitation cascade and multiple
hot-carrier generation in graphene, Nature Phys. 2013, 9, 248.

[2] Z. Mics, et al., Thermodynamic picture of ultrafast charge
transport in graphene, Nature Comm. 2015, 6, 7655.

[3] S. A. Jensen , et al. Competing Ultrafast Energy Relaxation
Pathways in Photoexcited Graphene, Nano Lett. 2014, 14, 5839.

[4] A. Narita, et al. , Synthesis of structurally well-defined and
liquid-phase-processable graphene nanoribbons, Nature Chem. 2014, 6,
126.

[5] S. A. Jensen, et al. , Ultrafast photoconductivity of graphene
nanoribbons and carbon nanotubes, Nano Lett. 2013, 13, 5925.
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